Daniel Webb from the Melbourne-based Human Rights Law Centre said fundamental problems with the policy remained.“A transition to an open centre (is) an important and hard-won improvement, but letting people go for a walk does not resolve the fundamental problems caused by indefinitely warehousing them on a tiny remote island,” he said.“The men, women and children on Nauru need a real solution — settlement in a safe place where they can rebuild their lives.“Instead they’re being left languishing in an environment that is clearly unsafe for women and children.” Adeang said Australia was assisting the transition to an open centre, including providing more police support and suitable health care for the asylum-seekers.Under the plan, the number of community liaison officers will be increased from 135 to 320 to help asylum-seekers, who come from countries including Iran and Sri Lanka, settle in the country of 10,000.The Australian government welcomed Nauru’s announcement, saying more limited open arrangements had been in place at the camp since February, allowing some detainees to leave the centre unescorted during agreed hours on certain days. The Nauru RPC was set up as part of Canberra’s hardline asylum-seeker policies under which those arriving on people-smuggling boats are not held in Australian territory.Another camp is located on Papua New Guinea’s Manus Island. “The start of detention-free processing is a landmark day for Nauru and represents an even more compassionate programme, which was always the intention of our government,” Justice Minister David Adeang said. It also promised to process all outstanding refugee claims for those living in the centre — about 600 of them — within a week. “We also welcome the news that the Nauruan government has undertaken to finalise the remaining refugee claims that have been under consideration for some time,” Immigration Minister Peter Dutton said in a statement. Nauru announced Monday that asylum-seekers at an Australian immigration camp on the Pacific island, including those from Sri Lanka, will no longer be locked up, saying they will instead be free to roam around the tiny nation.The Nauru government said the Regional Processing Centre (RPC) had been converted into an “open centre”, giving its inhabitants freedom of movement, the AFP news agency reported. Dutton said Canberra was committed to the regional processing arrangements.“We will continue to support the government of Nauru… to deliver settlement services to refugees,” he added.Refugee advocates, who allege abuses, including rape, have occurred on the island, said the change was an 11th-hour move that coincided with an Australian court case this week challenging the legality of Canberra’s policy.
A pioneering project is reducing the environmental damage from shrimp trawling, cutting the unwanted catch of young fish, turtles and other “by-catch” by as much as 70 per cent in some countries, the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) announced today.By cutting fuel costs, fishermen are also benefiting from the project, which is being funded by the multi-billion dollar Global Environment Facility (GEF), coordinated by UNEP and executed by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).Thanks to the effort, trawl nets contain less unwanted, non-target fish, and other marine organisms, making it easier and quicker for fishermen to process the shrimp. This saves time and money while improving the quality of the catch, according to UNEP.UNEP chief Achim Steiner said the over $9 million, four-year-old initiative could be a blueprint for better use of the world’s finite natural resources. “I think there are important lessons to be learned here for other fisheries and indeed across a wide range of environmental challenges from forestry to energy – namely, that creative management, technological improvements and a willingness by a wide range of partners to embrace new ideas, can deliver significant improvements towards the sustainable use of economically and biologically important resources,” he said. Under the project, FAO has been assisting shrimp trawler fishermen, local artisanal fishermen and regional fisheries organizations to introduce different by-catch reduction technologies. “Reducing by-catch is a high priority for my organization,” said Ichiro Nomura, Assistant Director-General of the FAO Fisheries Department. “If less young fish and non-target species are inadvertently caught, they can be left to mature to the benefit of fishermen and their livelihoods and for the millions of developing country people who rely almost exclusively on fish as a vital source of healthy and nutritious protein.”