AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis 42 total views, 2 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Promotional video launched in October 2009 by fundraising consultancy THINK. THINK Consulting: where are you going? About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. 41 total views, 1 views today Advertisement Tagged with: Consulting & Agencies Howard Lake | 29 October 2009 | News
Source: The Investment Association The IA said: “One significant barrier to innovation at the moment is that DC decumulation is still in the very early stages. Although around half a million people reach retirement age each year, the median size of a DC pot at retirement is currently around £26,000 [€29,200], so asset managers developing specialist products for this market will need to take a long-term view and accept that it will be some years before this market is of substantial size and for many years the flows into these products may be minimal.”Despite the influence of DC, DB funds remained the most significant institutional segment. The IA reported £1.8trn in workplace DB assets, compared to £410bn in DC. Ruth Meade, senior research analyst, said mixed-asset default funds in DC schemes were a likely cause of the recent increase in flows into multi-asset strategies: 21% of all mandates awarded in 2016 were multi-asset, the IA’s data showed.There was scope for more DC-driven innovation in the post-retirement space, the IA said in its report. With individuals in the UK no longer required to buy an annuity in retirement, the association said there was “a gap in the market for products that were income-focused but offered some way of managing downside capital risk”. The rise of defined contribution (DC) and auto-enrolment is blurring the lines between institutional and retail investors, according to the Investment Association (IA).Presenting its 2016 annual survey of its members, the UK’s asset management trade body said new and growing DC schemes were classified as institutional investors for the IA’s purposes but often behaved more like retail investors because individual members bore the investment risk.Although the IA did not have specific concerns about these difficulties, Anastasia Petraki, head of research and statistics, said it was important to ensure equivalent governance standards for defined benefit (DB) and DC schemes. “We are seeing that with independent DC governance committees,” she said.In addition, the IA’s survey showed a growing trend towards multi-asset strategies, which the association also attributed in part to DC schemes. Elsewhere in the survey, the IA reported that assets in specialist environmental, social and governance (ESG) funds grew but remained steady as an overall proportion of industry assets (1.2%). However, Petraki explained that the IA’s methodology did not take into account asset managers’ membership of the UK’s Stewardship Code or other ESG-related bodies.
COCKHILL CELTIC defender Peter Doherty has been named as the Watson Menswear Ulster Senior Legaue Player of the Month for October 2016.Doherty has helped lead Cockhill’s defence of their 4 Lanterns Ulster Senior League title while October also saw him captain the USL’s representative side to the FAI Intermediate Interprovincial Tournament in Cork.Cockhill are at the summit again and have a game in hand as well as a two-point advantage to Fanad United. “It was a good month,” Doherty reflected.“We started to get going and we started to play ball again.”Doherty believes that the recent revival at Fanad can only be good for the League.He said: “Fanad are strong again this season and that’s adding to the League.“It’s good to have a team pushing you on. We have a lot of very good teams competing in the League. It keeps you on your toes.”Cockhill haven’t lost an Ulster Senior League game in the last four seasons when they’ve won the title, but they have retained an insatiable appetite for success. Doherty said: “There has been a lot of success, but we have drive to do more. We don’t want to lose our unbeaten run in the League and just want to keep the good form going.”Doherty captained the USL side to the Intermediate Interprovincial Tournament in Cork, but a 2-0 loss to hosts Munster – after a 3-2 win over Leinster and a 2-0 win over Connacht – saw them leave empty handed.Doherty, who started in all three games, said: “We were disappointed not to win it on the last day. The one thing we couldn’t do was lose by two goals and that’s what we did.“We had two good wins before the last day and gave a good account of ourselves.”Cockhill are in FAI Intermediate Cup action this Sunday. Gavin Cullen’s side travel to Cork to face College Corinthians.Doherty, whose team beat last season’s finalists Letterkenny Rovers before recording a one-sided win over Swilly in round two, said: “Big time, we have to do something in the Intermediate. That’s the big aim now, to string a few games together. Letterkenny got momentum last year and saw it to the final. “We have nothing to fear. We’re talking about them, but I think they’ll be looking at our run too. We’re full of confidence. The bookies have them as favourites, but with the players we have and the squad we have, we’re confident.”Cockhill’s Peter Doherty suits Watson’s Menswear style of play was last modified: November 22nd, 2016 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:CockhilldonegalPeter DohertyUSL
Almost 2 in 5 rivers in Donegal have a ‘poor’ or ‘bad’ quality status, according to a new report from the Environmental Protection Agency.The EPA is warning that river quality is deteriorating across Ireland. The country is seeing a loss of pristine (‘best of the best’) river water bodies. There are now just 20 pristine river sites down from over 500 sites in the late 1980s.The number of seriously polluted river water bodies (the ‘worst of the worst’) has started to rise – from 6 to 9 – after many years of an improving trend. There are 67 rivers in poor ecological health in Donegal. Two river bodies are listed as ‘bad’ quality.21 Donegal rivers were rated as ‘moderate’ while 73 rivers are of ‘good’ quality and 21 are ‘high quality’.The catchments with the lowest percentage of satisfactory river water bodies, below the national average, were located mainly in the north west, east, south-east and midlands. The report found that less than 40% of the river water bodies at the Foyle and Donagh-Moville monitored in were in satisfactory ecological status.The EPA said the main significant pressures impacting water quality in Ireland include agriculture, wastewater discharges, impacts to the physical habitat conditions including excess sediment (hydromorphology), and pressures from forestry activities. EPA Director Matt Crowe said: “Ireland has made commitments to protect and improve water quality, under the Water Framework Directive and the National River Basin Management Plan 2018-2021. The aim of European and National Water Policy is to get polluted waters clean again, and ensure clean waters are kept clean.“However, the findings of this report indicate that water quality is getting worse after a period of relative stability and improvement. We now have an increase in the number of the most polluted river sites, and the number of rivers in poor ecological health is also increasing. Positive trends reported previously by the EPA have reversed. Not only are we failing to improve overall water quality, we are also failing to prevent further deterioration of our rivers.”Almost 40% of Donegal rivers below quality standards was last modified: December 10th, 2019 by Staff WriterShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Brian E. Ravencraft, CPA with Holbrook & ManterThis article is a follow up to last month’s Crop Insurance Deferral Considerations as we now turn our attention to options available should farmers find themselves in the unfortunate situation of having to sell livestock due to extreme weather conditions.Livestock sold due to weather related conditionsFarmers forced to sell livestock early to floods, drought, or other adverse weather conditions have two options:1.They may elect to include income from the sale of the additional livestock in the following tax year, or 2. Deem the forced sale as an involuntary conversion.For option one, as prescribed by Internal Revenue Code Section 451, the following conditions are required:The farmer uses cash method of accounting,The farmer can establish that the sale would have occurred but for the weather-related event, andThe weather event resulted in designation of that area (where the livestock resided or where the feed is normally obtained) as eligible for federal assistance. The designation can be made by the President, the Department of Agriculture, or other federal departments or agencies.For example, if Daniel, a cash method taxpayer, usually sells 500 head of cattle in a normal year. As a result of a severe drought, he sells 750 head during the current year at $1,000 per head and realizes $750,000 of income from his sale. The area was declared a disaster area by a federal agency and ruled eligible for federal disaster assistance. Daniel can defer $250,000 ($1,000 x 250 head) of income to the following year, which is the portion of the original $750,000 (750 head) that exceeded the normal number of cattle sold (500 head). Option two: Involuntary Conversion RulesThis one is perhaps the better solution. Under Code Section 1033, the sale of livestock (other than poultry) held for draft, breeding, or dairy animals due adverse weather-related conditions (droughts, floods and other weather related conditions designated as eligible for federal assistance) in excess of the number of livestock that normally would have sold can be treated as an involuntary conversion. To meet the involuntary conversion requirements, the farmer must replace the livestock within four years (the replacement period) after the end of the first year in which any part of the gain from the conversion is realized.This provision provides a much greater deferral opportunity over the one year deferral under Code Section 451, as explained above. In an involuntary conversion, the excess gain that was to be recognized on the sale reduces the basis of the replacement livestock. This procedure defers the gain until the replacement livestock is ultimately sold, which could be perhaps spread over several years. In most instances, the involuntary conversion election will be the most advantageous.The farmer has options when the involuntary election is made. No gain is recognized in the year of sale and the farmer has until the end of the replacement period to determine which of the following is most advantageous:Report the sale and gain in the year the event occurred on an amended return,Report the gain in the year after it occurred, orDefer the gain by reducing the basis of the replacement livestock.If the farmer cannot reinvest the proceeds from the sale in similar property or property related in the use of livestock, the code allows for the farmer to reinvest in other farm property to avoid recognition of the gain.Finally, livestock destroyed by disease, or are sold or exchanged because of disease can be treated as an involuntary conversion, but the replacement period is only two years.Over the course of your farming careers, you are bound to be hit with these situations. Know the tax ramifications and potential solutions can be a useful planning tool.As always, consult with your CPA about your concerns. If you don’t have a CPA relationship, we invite you to contact our firm. Brian E. Ravencraft, CPA, CGMA is a Principal with Holbrook & Manter, CPAs. Brian has been with Holbrook & Manter since 1995, primarily focusing on the areas of Tax Consulting and Management Advisory Services within several firm service areas, focusing on agri-business and closely held businesses and their owners. Holbrook & Manter is a professional services firm founded in 1919 and we are unique in that we offer the resources of a large firm without compromising the focused and responsive personal attention that each client deserves. You can reach Brian through www.HolbrookManter.com
LATEST STORIES The Aces have managed to get back on track after winning back-to-back games and they’re not stopping at that.“We’re hungry to get back and get to the playoffs,” said forward Calvin Abueva Friday at Mall of Asia Arena after Alaska fended off Globalport in the PBA Governors’ Cup.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutAbueva finished with 12 points in that win, all coming from the fourth quarter.Alaska improved to 2-6 in the conference and still has a chance to get to quarterfinals if it wins all of its remaining games. “We have to take these chances bit by bit because you won’t get to the playoffs that easily,” said Abueva in Filipino. “And the team’s mindset is slowly changing. Still the two wins we had are nothing compared to the losses we’ve experienced.”“We have to get to the playoffs because that’s where we’ll know how far we’ve come.” Read Next Dave Yu pounces on chance to finally show worth for NU Filipino athletes get grand send-off ahead of SEA Games PLAY LIST 01:27Filipino athletes get grand send-off ahead of SEA Games00:50Trending Articles00:59Sports venues to be ready in time for SEA Games01:37Protesters burn down Iran consulate in Najaf01:47Panelo casts doubts on Robredo’s drug war ‘discoveries’01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games Nonong Araneta re-elected as PFF president Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC LOOK: Loisa Andalio, Ronnie Alonte unwind in Amanpulo for 3rd anniversary MOST READ Fire hits houses in Mandaluyong City E.T. returns to earth, reunites with grown-up Elliott in new ad WATCH: Streetboys show off slick dance moves in Vhong Navarro’s wedding BSP sees higher prices in November, but expects stronger peso, low rice costs to put up fight Photo by Tristan Tamayo/INQUIRER.netIt took 14 ill-fated games to tarnish Alaska’s winning tradition in the league where it has won 14 championships in 30 years.But second-winningest franchise are hell-bent on moving on from that debacle which saw them lose 14 straight games spanning two conferences this PBA season.ADVERTISEMENT Frontrow holds fun run to raise funds for young cancer patients View comments
Philippines guard Jayson Castro. Photo from Fiba.comWith Gilas Pilipinas still groping for form, coach Chot Reyes went to his old reliable Jayson Castro as the Philippines held off Japan, 77-71, to start its campaign in the Asian qualifiers of the 2019 Fiba World Cup Friday at Komazawa Olympic Park General Sports Gymnasium in Tokyo.Castro provided some semblance of stability for the Philippine side which struggled to get its bearing on the offensive end and lost grip of an early 14-point lead.ADVERTISEMENT Kammuri turning to super typhoon less likely but possible — Pagasa Japan ex-PM Nakasone who boosted ties with US dies at 101 Stronger peso trims PH debt value to P7.9 trillion CPP denies ‘Ka Diego’ arrest caused ‘mass panic’ among S. Tagalog NPA Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles01:47Panelo casts doubts on Robredo’s drug war ‘discoveries’01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice LATEST STORIES View comments Naturalized player Ira Brown chimed in 10 markers and 15 boards for Japan, while Daiki Tanaka also had 10 points on a 3-of-4 sniping from threes in the loss.The Scores:PHILIPPINES 77 – Castro William 20, Blatche 13, Wright 12, Norwood 10, Fajardo 6, Aguilar 5, Abueva 5, Pogoy 5, Ravena 1, Alas 0, Rosario 0.JAPAN 71 – Hiejima 20, Brown 10, Tanaka 10, Togashi 8, Baba 7, Harimoto 7, Shinoyama 4, J. Takeuchi 3, Ota 2, Furukawa 0, Uto 0.Quarters: 18-10, 37-28, 59-55, 77-71. Read Next Ravena vows ‘composed’ Ateneo come Finals against La Salle Castro also went 3-of-5 from three, halting the Philippines’ dry spell from downtown after missing its first eight attempts.Gabe Norwood added 10 points, seven rebounds, and four assists, while Matthew Wright had 12 markers on a perfect 7-of-7 shooting from the charity stripe.Reyes also drew huge contributions from substitutes June Mar Fajardo and Roger Pogoy. The four-time PBA MVP pumped six points and three rebounds but was a plus-eight on his time on the floor, while the reigning Rookie of the Year got two huge defensive stops in the final minute to diffuse Japan’s late rally to go with his five-point output.Gilas Pilipinas will now fly home to face Chinese Taipei on Monday at Smart Araneta Coliseum.Makoto Hiejima was sensational for the Akatsuki Five as he paced his side with 20 points, five rebounds, and five assists.ADVERTISEMENT Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC The veteran guard fired 20 points, six assists, and seven rebounds, including five of the last seven points for Gilas, none bigger than a trey with 1:14 remaining that took the air out of the home team.With the defense clicking, Gilas jumpedto a 16-4 start which ballooned to a 24-10 advantage early in the second period.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutBut Philippines was hobbled by shooting woes and allowed its 37-28 halftime lead go down the drain with 12-0 blast from the the Japanese, who took a 40-37 edge midway in the third quarter.Gilas, though, just had enough in the gas tank as Andray Blatche eventually found his mark and paired with Castro in the end game. The naturalized center went for 13 markers, 12 boards, five dimes, three steals, and three blocks. Kris Aquino ‘pretty chill about becoming irrelevant’ QC cops nab robbery gang leader, cohort Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. MOST READ
Early in cricket’s never-ending and completely tiresome match-fixing scandal, sports writers with a sense of history turned their gaze to the infamous 1919 baseball rigging scandal in the US. That year the Chicago White Sox had lost the World Series to the underrated Cincinnati Reds and eight of its players,Early in cricket’s never-ending and completely tiresome match-fixing scandal, sports writers with a sense of history turned their gaze to the infamous 1919 baseball rigging scandal in the US. That year the Chicago White Sox had lost the World Series to the underrated Cincinnati Reds and eight of its players were disgraced and banned for life.The star batsman of the team, Joe Jackson-nicknamed “Shoeless” in a literal indication of the near-poverty that led him to temptation-is still seen in baseball annals as the great American fallen angel, the sort of anti-hero Kapil Dev or Mohammed Azharuddin would be if convicted.MD AZHARUDDINThe IT raid found * Evidence of three flats in Mumbai, undisclosed property in Hyderabad, lavish personal effects. The legal upshot The IT team has to go through Azhar’s returns for a decade to decide if he possesses black money. Only if so can the CBI ask if it’s a slush fund.Tortuous.KAPIL DEVThe IT raid found Five properties in Delhi, probable irregularities in coal business, “gifted” cars. Rs 5 lakh jewels in only one locker. The legal upshot Most Indian businessmen have a tax problem. So to try and link his wealth to fixing will require a process similar to Azhar’s. Section 420 looks some distance away.AJAY JADEJAThe IT raid foundThree properties in Delhi, suspicions of more. Name appeared in abookie-business partner’s records. The legal upshot That his nameappears in Hiren Hathi’s diary is not enough.The hawala case precedentis there. Besides knowing shady characters is per se not a crime.NAVJOT SIDHUThe IT raid found Unexplained property. A VDIS declaration of Rs 81 lakh.Plus “gifts” from admirers amounting to Rs 65 lakh. The legal upshotPrima facie the IT-CBI team may be able to ask some sticky questions tothis man. Nevertheless, it has to be proven that his donors were bookies bribing him.NIKHIL CHOPRAThe IT raid found Some inexplicable property papers and foreign exchange. His biggest”crime” seems being Mukesh Gupta’s neighbour. The legal upshot Like anumber of Delhi cricketers, seems to have, unwittingly or not, met a lot of bookies. But there is no direct link of “gift” leading tounderperformance. Can’t be held responsible for neighbours. That final point is crucial for the parallels between baseball’s year of darkness-it was the culmination of betting syndicates’ insidious influence on the game and actually led to a purge-and cricket’s moment of infamy are striking. The most marked similarity relates to the legality of the match-fixing case. When the baseball commissioner punished the guilty players, he did so “regardless of the verdict of juries” and on the day after they were acquitted by the court.advertisementThe reasons for their acquittal sound suspiciously familiar. Some players initially confessed and then retracted their confession. Important documents “disappeared” mid-trial. Nobody was sure precisely which law was infringed in fixing a baseball game. Defendants such as Jackson kept changing their minds, stating they had heard rumours of fixing, had refused offers, had accepted money without meaning to throw matches.Eight decades later Hansie Cronje read from an identical script. Eight decades later the CBI-despite the great drama of the Income-Tax (IT) Department’s “Operation Gentleman”-is on as sticky a legal wicket as the Ohio judicial system was in 1919. In sum, India’s premier investigators admit that nailing the cricketers on the charge of match fixing is well nigh impossible.That is why they are hoping that the trauma of an IT raid and interrogation and sheer public opprobrium will lead to some Indian cricketer cracking up and spilling the beans. After all, it was psychological pressure and that wily being called conscience that did in Cronje and his teammates.Yet, as a cynical Delhi lawyer who represents a senior cricket official snorts, “South Africa ke cricketer bewakoof hain. Hamare cricketer bewakoof nahin (The South African cricketers are fools. Our cricketers are not).” So expect nothing close to the truth-with oath, without oath, in spite of oath. The CBI’s last hope, then, is a slender one.That, however, is getting ahead of the story. For a start, top lawyers can’t even agree if a plain case of cheating under Section 420 can be registered against the cricketers for match-fixing and if so who the complainant should be.Mumbai lawyer Mahesh Jethmalani says, “Any paying spectator can complain that he was made to part with property (ticket fees) to see an unfair match.” While Section 420 is applicable and the matter could even go to court, Jethmalani, Azharuddin’s lawyer, says, “it will be virtually impossible to prove” and obtain a conviction.R.K. Anand, one of Delhi’s leading criminal lawyers, is simple in his verdict: “There is no case.” His logic is that under Section 420 “Whoever cheats and thereby dishonestly induces the person deceived to deliver any property to any person … shall be punished with imprisonment which may extend to seven years”spectators cannot file a complaint because the cricketers have not “induced” them to pay to see the match. The only possible aggrieved party is the BCCI, which is committed to paying cricketers a set fee for an optimum performance. Even here, argues Anand, “building a case under section 420 is very far-fetched”.Ashok Arora, another lawyer in the capital, is far more optimistic. “A case under Section 420,” he says, “is absolutely on.” The spectator has paid to see a fair fixture and can be the complainant. “It is a cognisable offence and the police will be forced to investigate.” When it comes to securing a “guilty” verdict, however, Arora is less certain. While “tapes of conversations and the like are evidence on record and admissible if not doctored and so authenticated”, they need to be corroborated.advertisementArora should understand the importance of “corroborative evidence”, a phrase much used in the hawala case, in which he was a defending lawyer and which came back as a whipping memory when, after the IT raids, there was talk of “incriminating diaries”. Apparently, at the homes of certain bookies diaries and books were found with amounts marked against names of cricketers. Hiren Hathi of Ahmedabad, for instance, had-to quote a tax offi-ciala diary seized “with the names of Ajay Jadeja and Kapil Dev written against sums of money”.The chargesheet in the hawala case was filed in 1996 on exactly such a flimsy basis-entries in the diaries of the Jain brothers, showing sums of money against the names of politicians to whom they had allegedly been paid. The case was thrown out of court and the hawala accused walked out unblemished. Now legal circles are wondering if the cricket swindle will be hawala II.Anyhow, with hope in its heart and prayer on its lips, CBI is looking at three stages to a denouement-or mirage.Step I: First the agency has to establish that there are bookies who run a gambling grey market in India and accept bets on cricket. This is relatively simple. Some 100 bookies have been questioned by the CBI since the beginning of May-25-odd are still absconding.Most of the bookies questioned have admitted accepting cricket-related bets-the menu of betting options actually ranges from horse racing to speculation on who will read the evening news on television. Less than 20 bookies have admitted to “links” with cricketers. Eight Indian players figure prominently on this list, six are Delhi-based-including a former Indian captain who is a compulsive punter and even bets while teeing of f at the Delhi Golf Club-and the other two are from Mumbai and Hyderabad.Step II: This involves proving that cricketers were in touch with bookies on match days and kept tabs on odds. The CBI is tentatively optimistic here, particularly due to the mobile phone records of cricketers and big bookies. These indicate regular conversations between the Indian dressing room and the betting nodal rooms as it were.advertisementHowever, all this will lead to is a rough conclusion that Indian cricketers were perhaps punters and could be prosecuted under the Gambling Act (maximum punishment: Rs 500 fine). It will not establish rigging.Step III: The CBI could register a case against a bookie or a player under Section 420 after establishing a direct link between underperformance in a match and monetary consideration. This is where the danger gong is sounded. How do you make clear the channel by which bookies paid corrupt cricketers? Bank deposits? Hawala? Lifetime achievement awards from rich NRIs?Plaintiff’s PointDefendant’s CounterThe CBI’s possible case And the cricketers’ likely answerThey’re cheats: Register cases under Section 420, accusing fixers of cheating spectators of a fair game.Diary items: Names of cricketers have been found against sums of money in bookies’ diaries.Take a gamble: Charge cricketers under the Gambling Act by accusing them of links with bookies.Liar, liar: Invoke sections such as 191 and 193, charge cricketers with hiding or fabricating evidence.Tax evasion trick: The IT raids reveal huge assets, perhaps the result of ill-gotten, fixing-time gains.The King route: Set up a South Africa-type commission, appeal to cricketers to come clean.Who’ve we cheated?: Section 420 requires “inducement” of property (money) from victim. Sticky point.Remember hawala: The hawala case collapsed because diary entries alone were insufficient evidence.Damp squib: It still doesn’t prove match-fixing. Besides the Gambling Act entails only a Rs 500 fine.Truth or dare: Will only work if you prove they’ve lied under oath. Besides real fixers may still get away.Penalty corner: Charge the usual tax penalty and leave us alone. Every second Indian evades taxes anyway.Royal salute: Indian player-fixers are too shrewd to let a minor being like a conscience prick them. In Delhi, one cricketer was gifted a house worth Rs 50 lakh by a noted bookie. The many expensive gifts cricketers receive from overseas “fans” are sometimes used as a conduit to “pay cricketers for services rendered”. The point is: can you link these with the tanking of a specific match? Nishit Dhruva, senior advocate, Bombay High Court, says, “For the prosecution to prove the linkage will be very difficult.”The CBI certainly isn’t confident. As an officer says, even the IT raids haven’t really helped because a particular cricketer’s wealth will have to be correlated with a chosen bookie’s allegation of payment at a given time. Since bribes are rarely paid by crossed cheques that are instantly deposited, this logic has a snowball’s chance in hell of working.It is for reasons such as these that the CBI privately admits it is likely to end its investigations in a couple of months without filing a chargesheet and submit a report explaining its limitations to the Government-and cricket will presumably go back into its complacent slumber. No wonder Adhik Shirodkar, a top Mumbai lawyer, says, “This is no way to go about fixing the fixers. Even if you begin a criminal trial, it will take 10 years.”Shirodkar recommends a BCCI-imposed ban on grounds of “reasonable suspicion”. Arora has a slightly different strategy. If you analyse the secretly recorded Manoj Prabhakar tapes, he says, the testimony offered by some cricketers and officials before the Justice Y.V. Chandrachud Commission and then before the CBI and, should trial begin, before the court, you are likely to find “huge contradictions”.Obviously some people are saying one thing in private and another in public, to protect their friends in a conspiracy of silence, even if they themselves are not guilty. Arora proposes that they be charged under Sections 191 and 193 for giving false evidence and “sent to jail to put the fear of God into others”. Like a crafty bowler, cricket’s cleansing agents may have to resort to a legal googly. Bowling a tidy length doesn’t seem to be getting them anywhere.-with V. Shankar Aiyar in Mumbai
Imagine this. You’ve had a bad day at work. For months, you’ve been trying to persuade everyone to recycle. No one is complying. In frustration, you send out a mass email. “Only 5% of staff is putting paper in the recycling bins. We need to do better,” you say.Bad move.Why? When we are deciding whether to do something, we typically look to see what others are doing (“social proof”). As Robert Cialdini has thoroughly documented, we’re compliant creatures. If we see everyone else is ignoring the recycling bins, we’ll ignore them too.If you lament that no one is listening, no one will listen. By emphasizing inaction, you discourage the very behaviors you’re seeking.If you want action, make people feel they are are part of something positive: “We’re aiming for 100% of paper recycled by Friday – and we’re on our way there.”If you’re at a nonprofit that’s attracted hundreds of donations when you wanted thousands, don’t say, “Fewer people have supported our cause this year. So many kids are going without lunch. We really need your help.”Say: “Your donation will provide a school lunch to Jason every day this year. Join the hundreds of donors supporting kids like him.”Here are three tips for turning your frustration over what isn’t working into a message that compels action – instead of more inaction.1. The number one thing you can do to overcome resistance is to celebrate and publicize the people who are taking action. It will help inspire the ones who aren’t.2. If you don’t have enough people to highlight, try getting just one – preferably a person who people respect (or who has authority). Ask that person to explain why he or she is taking action. Maybe you’re not the best messenger and that person would be better.3. Last, if you can’t succeed on those fronts, try to convert just regular one person. Then ask that person to explain why they changed their mind. Converted skeptics are the most motivating of any messenger for the people who have failed to act. The people who aren’t on your side are more likely to relate to someone who once felt like them.Bottom line? Accentuate the positive if you want a positive reaction.